Language is one of the essential aspects needed to live today, as it acts as a medium of communication. There was no spoken language in the country in earlier times, and people used hand gestures and drawings to communicate. The language that we use today has evolved over centuries.
Talking about the linguistic diversity of India, no country can match up to it. A census done in 1961 revealed there were about 1,652 languages in India! Although India has a diverse culture, a country can’t have multiple languages. Hence, with time a lot of them did wither away.
As a nation, we should be proud of our linguistic diversity. To throw more light on this, here are some exciting facts to know about Indian languages you are unaware of:
- When talking about a national language, India has none. However, English and Hindi are considered to be the official languages. In earlier times, apart from Hindi, there were considerations about making English a language. English was at the beginning, given a transitional status. However, there were oppositions from the Dravidian language speakers made sure that English does stay as an official language of the country. As per Article 343(1) of the Indian constitution, Hindi, written in Devanagari Script, is considered the accepted official language of the Union Government.
- As per the eight schedules of the constitution, 22 languages are given the official status, and these 22 languages are considered scheduled languages. Every state of the country has an official language. For example, the official language of UP is both Hindi and Urdu. The five languages, namely Tamil, Sanskrit, Malayalam, Odia, and Telugu, are given classical language status due to their extensive history.
- Worldwide, Indian languages are widely known, spoken, read, or heard. Bengali is the 7th most spoken language with 200 million speakers worldwide. The Bengali language has more speakers than German and French. Punjab is the 10th most spoken language with 100 million speakers worldwide. Several people in different countries, such as Nepal, Trinidad, Guyana, Tobago, Fiji, etc. Hindi has the highest number of speakers, close to 500 million worldwide, making it the third most spoken language in the world.
- Every Indian language falls into four major groups, which are:
It is indeed interesting to see the above-stated facts about the 22 different Indian languages.
Source: CVM Coimbatore – Best CBSE schools in Coimbatore